Sustainable Design & Construction

Inoa is the first car to widely incorporate recycled materials in its construction. This includes a color impregnated recycled Kevlar reinforced body made from post-consumer plastic which also eliminates the need for environmentally unfriendly paint. Numerous other components of the Inoa will also be made from materials that would otherwise end up in a landfill, which reduces the need for continually producing virgin materials and the associated carbon footprint such production entails.

Reduced need for Electricity

The Inoa’s highly efficient two wheel (optional four wheel) hub mounted motors use less electricity than a conventional automotive drivetrain. This allows the Inoa to travel further per Kilowatt. Hub motors also negate the need for heavy components including transmission, driveline, differential, and axles. Eliminating these components leaves more room for batteries and cargo and allows us to design a lighter, more-energy-efficient car.

Higher Utilization

VEOS’ three ownership models (purchase, subscription and on-demand use) coupled with our cloud-based user database and HeliX software allows more efficient utilization of each vehicle thereby reducing the total number of vehicles on the road. Inoa owners and subscribers will have the option to make their cars available for other registered users to rent when not needed which will help offset the cost of ownership and use.


Like all true EVs, the VEOS Inoa has no tailpipe emissions. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, 20 pounds of CO2 is produced for every gallon of gasoline burned in an internal combustion engine (see below). A relatively efficient internal combustion engine car that gets 25 miles per gallon and drives 12,000 miles per year will produce 9,600 pounds while a very efficient plug in hybrid that gets 42 miles per gallon will still produce 5,700 pounds CO2 while driving 12,000 miles in a year. Besides these direct greenhouse gas emissions, a study from the Yale School of the Environment published in Nature Communications (link to PDF) found that the total indirect emissions from electric vehicles are significantly less than the indirect emissions from fossil fuel-powered vehicles.

By using a high percentage of post-consumer materials in the Inoa, VEOS further reduces the total produced greenhouse gasses by reducing the amount produced in the production of virgin materials, as well as reducing the volume of materials put into landfills. The Iona’s recycled Kevlar post-consumer color impregnated plastic body does not require painting which eliminates the production of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) normally associated with automotive painting.
The Iona’s unique proprietary modular design allows final assembly in far smaller and less complicated factories than those of other manufacturers. These smaller factories coupled with more efficient component shipping and transportation, combine to result in a lower overall carbon footprint.
VEOS’ highly efficient Internet based sales and direct to consumer delivery model has a lower carbon footprint than the franchise dealer sales and distribution model employed by the legacy automakers.

How can 6 pounds of gasoline create 19 pounds of Carbon dioxide?

It seems impossible that a gallon of gasoline, which weighs about 6.3 pounds, could produce 20 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO2) when burned. However, most of the weight of the CO2 doesn’t come from the gasoline itself, but the oxygen in the air.

When gasoline burns, the carbon and hydrogen separate. The hydrogen combines with oxygen to form water (H2O), and carbon combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide (CO2).

CO2 molecule with one carbon atom (atomic weight 12) and two oxygen atoms (atomic weight of 16 each)A carbon atom has a weight of 12, and each oxygen atom has a weight of 16, giving each single molecule of CO2 an atomic weight of 44 (12 from carbon and 32 from oxygen).

Therefore, to calculate the amount of CO2 produced from a gallon of gasoline, the weight of the carbon in the gasoline is multiplied by 44/12 or 3.7.

Since gasoline is about 87% carbon and 13% hydrogen by weight, the carbon in a gallon of gasoline weighs 5.5 pounds (6.3 lbs. x .87).

We can then multiply the weight of the carbon (5.5 pounds) by 3.7, which equals 20 pounds of CO2!

Owning an Inoa changes your car ownership experience immediately.